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Iraq at a Glance
IraqITIC.com - Iraq at a Glance

It is one of the Arabic states which located in the Arabic Mashreq and it Forms Separately The eastern part of the geographical & historical environment which is called " Al Hilal Al- Khaseeb" ..

Iraq lies in the west south of the Asian continent . And to the north of Kuwait & Saudi Arabia, to the south of Turkey, to the east of Syria and Jordan and to the west of Iran. Iraq has more than one seaport on the Arabian Gulf but the most important is Umm Qasr. And it is one of the Arabic Gulf states but not member in the Gulf Cooperation Council.

The total length of the sea coast of Iraq is more than 63 km and the two rivers "Tigris" and "Euphrates" passes from the north of country to the south where they are the basic of the civilizations foundation Between the two rivers in Iraq throughout history by the Sumerians, Alcidine, Babylonians, Assyrians and and Abbasids which were the beginnings of writing , mathematics sciences , and legislations in the human beings history

GDP  ( Iraqi Economic Indicators 2012 - CBI )

  • GDP at Current Prices  :  245.2 trillion dinar 
  • GDP at Constant Prices :  68.3  billion dinar
  • Core Inflation : 6.1%
  • Daily Oil Export Average : 1.9 million barrel 
Territory:
Please see Iraq's map at:
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/middle_east_and_asia/iraq_pol99.jpg

Location: Middle East
Total Area: 435,052 Sq Km
Bordering Countries: Syria, Jordan, Turkey, Iran, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia
Total Border: 3462 km
   » Iran: 1300 km
   » Kuwait: 195 km
   » Jordan: 178 km
   » Saudi Arabia: 812 km
   » Syria: 605 km
   » Turkey: 377 km

Principal Cities:
  • Baghdad - the capital
  • North: Mosul, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, and Kirkuk
  • Central: Ramadi, Baquba, and Hilla
  • South: Najaf, Karbala, Nasiriyah, Amarah, and Basra
  • Coastline: 58 km (Arabian Gulf)
Principal Ports: Umm Qasr, Khawr-az-Zubayr, and Basra

Topography:
   » Mountains in the northeast on the borders with Iran and Turkey, with the highest peak reaching 3,611 m.
   » Desert in the southwest.
   » Between the two is the heartland of the country, a fertile lowland region watered by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The two rivers converge into the Shat-al-Arab waterway and finally fall into the Arabian Gulf.

Climate:
   » North: Mild summers and Cold winters with occasional heavy snows
   » Central and west: Hot summers and cool winters
   » South: Very hot summers and mild winters
   » Rains during spring and autumn


Land Use:
   » Arable land: 12% of total land area
   » Irrigated Land: 25500 Sq Km

Natural Resources: Oil, Natural gas, Phosphates and Sulphur

Main Agricultural Products: Wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; Water buffalo, sheep and poultry

Major Fruits Produced: Pomegranates, grapes, apples, figs, peaches, apricots, walnuts and watermelons etc.

Administrative Divisions: 18 governorates called the Mouhafadha; these are further sub-divided into districts called Qadha and sub-districts called Nahiya. The Governorates are as follows:

Click Here to View Map (courtesy of UNOSAT)

Demography:
Population (july 2012 est.):
   » Total: 31,129,225 million


Age Structure: (2011 est.)
   » 0-14: 38%
   » 15-64: 58.9%
   » 65+: 3.1%

Population Growth Rate: 2.9% (2012)

Urban Population: 66% of total population (2010)

Life Expectancy: 70.85 Years

Labor Force: 8.9 M (2010)

Ethnic Groups:
   » Arab (75%-80%)
   » Kurds (15%-20%)
   » Turkmen, Assyrian, Chaldean and others (5%)

Principal Religion:
   » Islam (96%)
   » 60% Shiah
   » 40% Sunni

Other Religions:
   » Christian: 3%;
   » Jewish,Yezidi and others :1%

Official Languages:
   » Arabic
   » Kurdish
   » Assyrian

Other languages:
   » Old Turkish, Armenian, Aramaic and Chaldean
   » English is understood and spoken by a large number of people especially in the urban areas and is taught in schools

Literacy:
   » Total: 65%
   » Male: 74%
   » Female: 56%
   » Urban: 70%
   » Rural: 50%

Government:

Name: Republic of Iraq
Arabic Name: AL Jamhuriyah AL Iraqiya
Type of Government: Federal Democratic Republic
Independence: October 3, 1932
Constitution: Iraq is a Federal Parliamentary Democracy
Executive Authority: The executive authority of the republic comprises of the President and the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister.
Legislative Authority: The federal legislative authority comprises of the Council of Representatives and the Council of Union.
Judiciary: The federal judiciary comprises of the Supreme Judiciary Council, Supreme Federal Court, the Federal Cassation Court, the Prosecutor's Office, the Judiciary Inspection Department, and other federal courts as organized by law.


Important National Holidays:
National day: July 14th, Army Day: 6th January, Labor Day: 1st May, 21st of Nauroz (start of Persian New Year), New Year: January 1st.

Important Religious Holidays (Follows the Islamic lunar calendar): Eid-al-Adha: Four days feast of sacrifice Eid-ul-Fitr: three days of celebration marking the end of Ramadan Islamic New Year: 1st of Muharram. Aashoora: 10th of Muharram. Eid Milad-un-Nabi: 12th of Rabi-ul-Awal.




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